College Research Partnership Awards for Rapid Response to College Problems
- PI -- Hugh D. Spitler, Ph.D.
- Title of Project: Reducing High-Risk Drinking Among First-Year College Students
- U01 Researcher Collaborator: Robert DuRant, Ph.D.
- NIAAA Scientific Staff Collaborator: Mike Hilton, Ph.D.
This project will incorporate data on the specific high-risk drinking contexts and peer influences unique to Clemson University into tailored, targeted brief motivational enhancement and alcohol skills training programs to improve resistance to identified high-risk drinking contexts and reduce alcohol abuse and alcohol-related problems among first year students. The project will use an ecological framework and a college student lifestyle model to guide the development of programs that address the specific high-risk social contexts and peer reference groups encountered by first year college students at Clemson University. In year one of this three-year study, focus groups, in-depth interviews, surveys with first year students, student services data on alcohol problems among first year students, university and community data on alcohol abuse, and environmental scanning techniques will be used to identify specific high-risk contexts and peer reference groups at Clemson University promoting alcohol abuse among first year students.
In the second and third year of this project, context-based intervention programs specifically tailored to high-risk contexts at Clemson University based on data collected in year one will be developed and tested using quasi-experimental designs to assess intervention impact at the individual, campus, and community levels. The theoretical framework employed places the patterns of alcohol abuse among first year college students within the social and physical contexts that immediately shape drinking behavior. Relating individualized brief motivational enhancement approaches and cognitive-behavioral skills training to specific high-risk social and cultural contexts has potential to enhance the efficacy of motivational and skills training sessions, making them more immediate and relevant to cultural conditions shaping the lifestyle of first year students.
Last reviewed: 11/23/2005