College Research Partnership Awards for Rapid Response to College Problems
University of Central Florida
- PI -- James F. Schaus, M.D.
- Title of Project: Alcohol Screening and Intervention in a College Clinic
- U01 Researcher Collaborator: Robert DuRant, PhD.
- NIAAA Scientific Staff Collaborator: Peggy Murrray, M.S.W.
This NIAAA funded project is a randomly controlled trial to test the efficacy of primary-care provider (physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant) brief intervention in a sample of college students who use alcohol above recommended limits. High-risk drinking students who present for usual care to the UCF Student Health Services will be identified with an alcohol screening questionnaire imbedded in a brief health questionnaire as part of the initial patient registration procedure. Primary eligibility criteria will be 5 or more drinks in a row on at least one occasion in the past 2 weeks for male students, or 4 or more drinks in a row on at least one occasion in the past 2 weeks for female students. We will need to screen approximately 3200 students over 4-6 months to be able to recruit an initial sample size of 300 students. Students who meet the eligibility criteria and agree to participate in the study will be randomly assigned to a “usual care” control group, or an experimental brief intervention group, with the plan to assign 50 percent of the total participants to each of the two groups, with equal gender involvement. Both control and intervention group participants will initially meet with the project coordinator to complete a baseline health promotions questionnaire containing an imbedded alcohol use and consequences survey. Both groups will be given brochures regarding alcohol and other health promotion materials, and the control group will have no follow-up study related provider encounters. Those assigned to the intervention group will return to UCFSHS for two brief intervention sessions at two weeks and again at four weeks after completing the initial questionnaire. These brief interventions will be provided by four specially trained providers, and will be based on patient-centered motivational interviewing techniques. Follow-up data from both control and intervention groups will be obtained via a dedicated secure web site at three months, six months, and one year, to assess changes in heavy drinking rates, readiness to change assessment, and alcohol related harms and consequences.
Last reviewed: 11/23/2005