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Environmental-Level Strategies
Campus or community-based

Enforce age-21 drinking age (e.g., compliance checks)

Under this strategy, campuses and local and state government support and implement strong enforcement of the existing age-21 minimum legal drinking age. (Compliance checks are an approach regulated at the local or state level whereby undercover youth, supervised by law enforcement or licensing authorities, attempt to purchase alcohol. When a violation occurs, a penalty is applied to the server and/or the license holder, depending on local or state law.)

  • Effectiveness: = Higher effectiveness
  • Cost: $$ = Mid-range
  • Barriers: ## = Moderate
  • Research Amount: **** = 5 or more longitudinal studies
  • Public Health Reach: Broad
  • Staffing Expertise Needed: Policy advocate
  • Target Population: Underage students
  • Research Population: General

NOTE: Cost ratings are based on a consensus among research team members of the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors.

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