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Individual-Level Strategies
Motivational/feedback-based approach

Brief motivational intervention (BMI): In-person—Individual (e.g., BASICS)

BMI combines a brief intervention with motivational interviewing. BMI emphasizes personal responsibility and self-efficacy of participants, offering them personalized feedback on their alcohol use, risks, expectancies, perceptions of social norms, and options for reducing problems and consequences. Discussions are guided by a trained facilitator. Goals for behavioral change are set by participants.

One such BMI, which is the model after which most BMIs are patterned, is the Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS). BASICS involves initial screening to identify high-risk drinkers, subsequent baseline assessment to generate personalized feedback, and then a one-on-one meeting with the trained facilitator to review the feedback. In the original studies of BASICS, baseline assessment was completed in-person; participants were asked to self-monitor drinking for 2 weeks, then return for a second session to review their personalized feedback. More recent research has eliminated the first in-person meeting, opting instead to complete baseline assessment via the web.

  • Effectiveness: = Higher effectiveness
  • Cost: $$ = Mid-range
  • Barriers: ## = Moderate
  • Research Amount: **** = 11+ studies
  • Public Health Reach: Focused
  • Primary Modality: In-person individual
  • Staffing Expertise Needed: Health professional and coordinator
  • Target Population: Individuals or specific groups
  • Duration of Effects: Short-term (< 6 months) and long-term (≥ 6 months) effects

NOTE: Cost ratings are based on the relative program and staff costs for adoption, implementation, and maintenance of a strategy. Actual costs will vary by institution, depending on size, existing programs, and other campus and community factors.

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